Demand-side response (DSR) will become increasingly valuable to Iarge energy users in the years ahead as the energy system moves towards net zero, according to the grid operator’s latest forecast report.
The Future Energy Scenarios report from National Grid ESO expects growth in DSR across all the possible pathways it explores for Britain’s energy system.
Of the four future scenarios, three would see the nation achieve net-zero on or ahead of its legally binding 2050 deadline.
DSR is seen as growing across all the scenarios and the report predicts “as the market for flexibility increases it becomes more valuable.”
The report also said investment in technologies such as hydrogen and carbon capture and storage alongside growth in renewable generation will be vital to achieve net zero.
National Grid ESO’s Head of Strategy, Mark Herring, said the latest report paints an “exciting picture” of net zero Britain with electricity playing a crucial role in meeting meet the 2050 emissions targets.
Across all scenarios, the report sees growth in renewable energy generation, including significant expansion in installed offshore wind capacity and believes the power sector could achieve negative emissions by 2033.
The report also sees significant long-term potential for electric vehicles to provide flexibility.
“Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) services could provide up to 38 GW of flexibility from 5.5m vehicles. By 2050, up to 80 per cent of households smart charge their electric vehicle and up to 45 per cent actively provide V2G services,” it adds.